THE BELGIAN COUNTER INTELLIGENCE

1945

 

 

SHORT HISTORY

 

Already in 1943, in London, the Belgian State Security and the 2nd Direction (Counter Intelligence)
of the Ministry of Defence agreed to work together, once Belgium liberated,
to track down all war criminals and military collaborators.

As most military collaborators fled to Germany, it was only once the War
had ended that the real work could start.

Four Field Security Sections were raised, each consisting of one officer, five NCO's and five men.

Several Interrogation Sections were also raised, each consisting of four officers, ten NCO's and thirtynine men.

The Security Sections and the Interrogation Sections were put at the disposal of the 21st Army Group.

SHAEF also requested Belgian help, especially military with good notice of German and English,
for the 12th US Army Group.

This Belgian CI Mission, seven officers and ten men, consisted of four teams.

Germany, April 1945. André LOUWAGIE of the CI MIssion Team assigned to the 3rd US Army.
UNIT Raised At disposal of Disbanded
Field Security Sections February 22 1945 21st Army Group December 31 1945
Interrogation Sections February 22 1945 21st Army Group December 31 1945
Belgian CI Mission Teams February 28 1945 12th US Army Group July 27 1945

 

 

FORMATION BADGES

 

FIELD SECURITY SECTIONS - INTERROGATION SECTIONS

Most of them wore the Formation Badge of the HQ of the 21st Army Group.

2 Crusaders swords in gold, on a dark blue cross on a red shield.

Formation Badge of the HQ 21st Army Group.

 

BELGIAN CI MISSION TEAMS

One team was attached to the 3rd US Army and wore its Formation Badge.

A white capital "A" surrounded by a red circle, the whole in a blue circle.

 
Formation Badge of the 3rd US Army.   Lieutenant LOUWAGIE of the CI Mission Team assigned to the 3rd US Army.
He wears a British Battle Dress

A second team was assigned to the US Office of Military Government Detachment I-364.

They wore the US Civil Affairs badge.

A shield divided in 5 equal vertical bars, red-white-blue-white-red, a sword with golden handle in front.

US Civil Affairs badge. Charles DECOT, member of the Belgian CI Mission team
attached to the US Civil Affairs Detachment I-364

I have no valid information about the other two teams.

 

RANK INSIGNIA

As most were civilians, they were assimilated to a military rank and wore specific rank insignia.

On the collars of the battledress, officers wore white embroidered Belgian lions,
NCO's light grey embroidered lions,
and coporals and privates wore blue embroidered lions.

Field officers wore a 3mm width bar under the lions, senior officers a 7mm width bar.

Collar Insignia as worn by Senior Officers.

 

Officers shoulder strap rank insignia

Colonel 3 white bars
Lieutenant-Colonel 2 white bars
Major 1 white bar
Senior Captain 3 white bars
Captain 2 white bars
+ 1 brown bar
  between
Lieutenant 2 white bars
Second Lieutenant 1 white bar

NCO's, corporals and privates wore no shoulder strap rank insignia.

Collar Insignia of a Field Officer.

 

OTHER INSIGNIA

All wore a bronze-coloured Belgian lion on the field cap, képi or béret.

Bronze-coloured Belgian lion.
Civilian of a Field Security Section,  assimilated Lieutenant.
Watch collar and shoulder strap insignia, képi lion and "BELGIUM" arm title.

 

On the left upper sleeve a white curved "BELGIUM" armtitle was worn,
on the right upper sleeve the Belgian National Colours.

White BELGIUM Arm Title.
Belgian national Colours.

 

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